Vice President Mike Pence and US-Asia Pacific Relations

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Coordinator: Sarah Wang. For methodology, click here.

This resource will track statements, developments, visits and other interactions in US-Asia Pacific relations given or undertaken by Vice President Mike Pence. 

To view quotations, debriefs of interactions with Asia Pacific leaders, and media sorted by topic, scroll down or use the links below. To view those made by Vice President Pence in 2017, visit this page for a historical list

Travel to Asia Pacific Countries  Asia Pacific Leaders Asia Pacific Allies & Partners
China/Taiwan Human Rights & Democracy North Korea
South China Sea Southeast Asia/ASEAN  Summits - APEC, East Asia (EAS), & US-ASEAN  
Trade & Investment    

To view the positions of President Trump, Vice President Pence, Secretary of Defense Mattis, Secretary of Commerce Ross, and Secretary of State Tillerson on various issues in US-Asia Pacific relations, click here. 

To view quotations, interviews, and policy documents given by and interactions with Asia Pacific leaders undertaken by President Trump, Secretary of Defense Mattis, Secretary of Commerce Ross, and Secretary of State Tillerson use the links below. 

President Donald J. Trump Secretary of Defense James Mattis Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross, Jr.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson    

To examine Asian reactions to ongoing developments in US-Asia relations and the US 2016 Presidential election, click here.

To explore previous quotations, views on Asia Pacific issues, and other connections to Asia from President Trump, Vice President  Pence, and other candidates in the 2016 Presidential Election, click here. 

Travel to Asia Pacific Countries

  •  South Korea flag. Image: Flaticon.  Japan and South Korea in February 2018.

For a historical list of countries traveled to in 2017, click here.

Asia Pacific Leaders

  • "Well, thank you President Moon for the warm welcome. I am honored to join you for my first time at the Blue House and my second time, as Vice President of the United States, to the Republic of Korea. [...] For now nearly 70 years, our two nations have been joined together in peace and in prosperity, and in the security of both of our peoples in the Indo-Pacific. And to be able to be here, to be able to share this great moment in Pyeongchang [2018 Winter Olympics] with you and the people of South Korea is a great honor for me. [...] And allow me to just assure you and the people of South Korea that the United States of America will continue to stand shoulder-to-shoulder in our effort to bring maximum pressure to bear on North Korea until that time comes when they finally and permanently and irreversibly abandon their nuclear and ballistic missile ambitions." [Source] Remarks by Vice President Pence and President Moon [Jae-In] of the Republic of Korea Before Bilateral Meeting. February 8, 2018
  • "Mr. Prime Minister, thank you for your leadership and your actions to strengthen Japan’s role in our alliance. As we discussed today, the United States is committed to provide Japan with additional cutting-edge defense systems, and our nations are now working together to deliver these new defense systems as quickly as possible. The people of Japan can be assured: The full range of the Armed Forces of the United States will continue to be dedicated to the protection of Japan. And working together, the United States and Japan will continue to confront the most dangerous threat in the Indo-Pacific: the rogue regime in North Korea. [...] In the past, the United States, Japan, and freedom-loving nations across the globe responded to Pyongyang’s actions with failed diplomacy, the result of which has been a cycle of broken promises, willful deception, and escalating provocations. But the era of strategic patience is over. [...] The United States of America and Japan have long stood together in defense of our most precious values and our way of life. And we will continue to stand together, as allies and as friends. And as the bond between our nations grows even stronger, I know it will benefit our two peoples and it will benefit the world." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence and Prime Minister Abe of Japan in Joint Statements. February 7, 2018
  • "The United States-Japan alliance is the cornerstone of peace, prosperity, and freedom in the Indo-Pacific. And, Mr. Prime Minister, as we discussed today, our nations are taking bold steps to strengthen our alliance and deepen our friendship even further. To enhance our bilateral economic ties, last April, Deputy Prime Minister Aso and I were pleased, at your and the President’s direction, to launch the U.S.-Japan Economic Dialogue. And it was my honor to host Deputy Prime Minister Aso at the White House last October to continue this vital work. I can assure you that we will continue to promote strong and balanced growth between our two nations, rooted in trade that is free and fair." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence and Prime Minister Abe of Japan in Joint Statements. February 7, 2018
  • "Mr. Prime Minister, I say to you and I say to all the people of Japan: On behalf of President Trump, the United States is with you in this challenge, and we will continue to stand shoulder-to-shoulder with the people of Japan, the people of South Korea, and our allies and partners across the region until we achieve the global objective of the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, and we end the provocations and threats that North Korea has presented to this region and to the wider world." [Source] Remarks by Vice President Pence and Prime Minister Abe of Japan Before Bilateral Meeting. February 7, 2018

For a historical list of meetings with Asia Pacific leaders in 2017, click here.

Asia Pacific Allies & Partners

  • "The Cheonan ship behind me was subject to a torpedo attack by North Korea in 2010.  And while the international community, and even the United Nations, confirmed that North Korea engaged in the attack, as I stand before you today, North Korea still refuses to accept responsibility for sinking this ship and costing 46 lives that we remember today. Last night, with President Moon, we both reaffirmed our commitment to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.  And President Moon, as he said publicly, he also said privately to me that South Korea stands shoulder-to-shoulder with the United States and our allies in continuing to isolate South Korea [North Korea] economically and diplomatically. [...] He credited once again President Trump for his international leadership in bringing the global community together around those new sanctions.  And we spoke about the President’s decision to implement a whole new range of sanctions, the largest range of American sanctions ever.  And we talked about working closely together with South Korea as I did in Japan, with ensuring that those sanctions are faithfully implemented." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence in Press Gaggle at Cheonan Memorial. February 9, 2018
  • "Well, thank you President Moon for the warm welcome. I am honored to join you for my first time at the Blue House and my second time, as Vice President of the United States, to the Republic of Korea. [...] For now nearly 70 years, our two nations have been joined together in peace and in prosperity, and in the security of both of our peoples in the Indo-Pacific. And to be able to be here, to be able to share this great moment in Pyeongchang [2018 Winter Olympics] with you and the people of South Korea is a great honor for me. [...] And allow me to just assure you and the people of South Korea that the United States of America will continue to stand shoulder-to-shoulder in our effort to bring maximum pressure to bear on North Korea until that time comes when they finally and permanently and irreversibly abandon their nuclear and ballistic missile ambitions." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence and President Moon [Jae-In] of the Republic of Korea Before Bilateral Meeting. February 8, 2018
  • "We’re standing in a country [Japan] that has literally seen ballistic missiles overfly their land twice in a single month.  And they’ve seen multiple ballistic missiles land within their economic zone, in the Sea of Japan.  American Forces Japan and the Self-Defense Forces of Japan are ready for any eventuality, and we will continue to make it clear to all parties that the United States and our allies in this region stand ready at a moment’s notice to defend our people and defend our way of life." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence in Press Gaggle Before Air Force Two Departure. February 8, 2018
  • "We’re completing what we believe has been a very successful visit to our (inaudible) here in Japan.  (Inaudible) very productive and substantive discussions with Prime Minister Abe, with the leadership of Japan’s Self-Defense Forces. [...] We’re very much looking forward to the Opening Ceremonies [for the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea] tomorrow night.  But lastly, as I did here today, we’ll continue to seize every opportunity to ensure that North Korea does not use the powerful imagery and backdrop of the Olympics to paper over an appalling record of human rights and a pattern of developing weapons and conducting in the kind of missile launches that are threatening our nation and threatening neighbors across the region." [Source] Remarks by Vice President Pence in Press Gaggle Before Air Force Two Departure. February 8, 2018
  • "For nearly 60 years, the sons and daughters of our two nations have stood together in defense of our most cherished values.  To this day, our alliance is the cornerstone of peace, prosperity, and freedom in the Indo-Pacific.  And as Prime Minister Abe and I agreed just yesterday, the bond between the United States and Japan has never been stronger than it is today." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence to Troops at Yokota Air Base. February 8, 2018
  • "Mr. Prime Minister, thank you for your leadership and your actions to strengthen Japan’s role in our alliance. As we discussed today, the United States is committed to provide Japan with additional cutting-edge defense systems, and our nations are now working together to deliver these new defense systems as quickly as possible. The people of Japan can be assured: The full range of the Armed Forces of the United States will continue to be dedicated to the protection of Japan. And working together, the United States and Japan will continue to confront the most dangerous threat in the Indo-Pacific: the rogue regime in North Korea. [...] In the past, the United States, Japan, and freedom-loving nations across the globe responded to Pyongyang’s actions with failed diplomacy, the result of which has been a cycle of broken promises, willful deception, and escalating provocations. But the era of strategic patience is over. [...] The United States of America and Japan have long stood together in defense of our most precious values and our way of life. And we will continue to stand together, as allies and as friends. And as the bond between our nations grows even stronger, I know it will benefit our two peoples and it will benefit the world." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence and Prime Minister Abe of Japan in Joint Statements. February 7, 2018
  • "The United States-Japan alliance is the cornerstone of peace, prosperity, and freedom in the Indo-Pacific. And, Mr. Prime Minister, as we discussed today, our nations are taking bold steps to strengthen our alliance and deepen our friendship even further. To enhance our bilateral economic ties, last April, Deputy Prime Minister Aso and I were pleased, at your and the President’s direction, to launch the U.S.-Japan Economic Dialogue. And it was my honor to host Deputy Prime Minister Aso at the White House last October to continue this vital work. I can assure you that we will continue to promote strong and balanced growth between our two nations, rooted in trade that is free and fair." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence and Prime Minister Abe of Japan in Joint Statements. February 7, 2018
  • "Mr. Prime Minister, I say to you and I say to all the people of Japan: On behalf of President Trump, the United States is with you in this challenge, and we will continue to stand shoulder-to-shoulder with the people of Japan, the people of South Korea, and our allies and partners across the region until we achieve the global objective of the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, and we end the provocations and threats that North Korea has presented to this region and to the wider world." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence and Prime Minister Abe of Japan Before Bilateral Meeting. February 7, 2018
  • "Well, first and foremost, President Trump asked me to travel to the region for several reasons. Number one, to strengthen the relationship between the United States and our allies in Japan and South Korea.  We’ll be meeting in the coming days with Prime Minister Abe, with President Moon, and we’ll be talking about the strength of our alliance.  And I look forward to reinforcing the important priority that President Trump and the United States places on the relationship with these two nations. Secondly, we’ll collectively be reiterating our commitment, between the United States, Japan, South Korea, and a broad range of allies and partners around the world to continue to isolate North Korea economically and diplomatically until they abandon their nuclear and ballistic missile ambitions. All options are on the table.  But we will reiterate this week — standing beside Prime Minister Abe, standing beside President Moon — the solidarity of all these nations, and nations around the world, to continue to bring maximum pressure on an increasing basis on the rogue regime in North Korea to achieve the global objective of a denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. " [SourcePress Gaggle by Vice President Pence. February 6, 2018

For a historical list of statements and policies in 2017, click here.

China/Taiwan

  • "China is doing more than ever before.  China needs to do more, but they’re doing more than ever before to isolate North Korea economically and diplomatically. And I truly do believe that making it clear that all options are on the table; that, as the President has done, making it clear the United States of America has the capacity to defend our people far beyond anything North Korea could imagine; but also making it clear that if North Korea will abandon their nuclear and ballistic missile ambitions, if they will dismantle those programs, there’s an opportunity for a peaceable solution." [Source] Interview of Vice President Mike Pence by Greta Van Susteren, Voice of America. January 3, 2018

For a historical list of statements and policies in 2017, click here.

Human Rights & Democracy

  • "Well, thank you all for being here.  We’re very grateful for your presence.  We’re very grateful for your courage.  And on our second visit to Korea, my wife and I wanted the honor of meeting with men and women who fled the tyranny of North Korea, to hear your stories, and today, to make sure that the world hears your stories as well. We’ve been inspired by your bravery.  We ourselves have stood and looked across the demilitarized zone, the line across which you fled, and you fled to freedom.  And let me just say that the American people stand with you for freedom, and you represent the people of North Korea, millions of which long to be free as well." [Source] Remarks by Vice President Pence in Meeting with North Korean Defectors. February 9, 2018

For a historical list of statements and policies in 2017, click here.

North Korea

  • "All options are on the table. I mean, as you've got in North Korea a country that is threatening the United States of America with ballistic missiles and nuclear weapons. But we really do believe there is a peaceable outcome here to the denuclearization of the North Korean peninsula, but it's going to take consistent and intensified pressure to do that. [...] But make no mistake about it. The United States of America has viable military options to deal with a nuclear threat from North Korea." [Source] Pence vows to defend U.S. from North Korea by taking whatever 'action is necessary.' [interview with NBC's Lester Holt]. February 9, 2018
  • "The Cheonan ship behind me was subject to a torpedo attack by North Korea in 2010.  And while the international community, and even the United Nations, confirmed that North Korea engaged in the attack, as I stand before you today, North Korea still refuses to accept responsibility for sinking this ship and costing 46 lives that we remember today. Last night, with President Moon, we both reaffirmed our commitment to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.  And President Moon, as he said publicly, he also said privately to me that South Korea stands shoulder-to-shoulder with the United States and our allies in continuing to isolate South Korea [North Korea] economically and diplomatically. [...] He credited once again President Trump for his international leadership in bringing the global community together around those new sanctions.  And we spoke about the President’s decision to implement a whole new range of sanctions, the largest range of American sanctions ever.  And we talked about working closely together with South Korea as I did in Japan, with ensuring that those sanctions are faithfully implemented." [Source] Remarks by Vice President Pence in Press Gaggle at Cheonan Memorial. February 9, 2018
  • "Well, thank you all for being here.  We’re very grateful for your presence.  We’re very grateful for your courage.  And on our second visit to Korea, my wife and I wanted the honor of meeting with men and women who fled the tyranny of North Korea, to hear your stories, and today, to make sure that the world hears your stories as well. We’ve been inspired by your bravery.  We ourselves have stood and looked across the demilitarized zone, the line across which you fled, and you fled to freedom.  And let me just say that the American people stand with you for freedom, and you represent the people of North Korea, millions of which long to be free as well." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence in Meeting with North Korean Defectors. February 9, 2018
  • "Well, thank you President Moon for the warm welcome. I am honored to join you for my first time at the Blue House and my second time, as Vice President of the United States, to the Republic of Korea. [...] For now nearly 70 years, our two nations have been joined together in peace and in prosperity, and in the security of both of our peoples in the Indo-Pacific. And to be able to be here, to be able to share this great moment in Pyeongchang [2018 Winter Olympics] with you and the people of South Korea is a great honor for me. [...] And allow me to just assure you and the people of South Korea that the United States of America will continue to stand shoulder-to-shoulder in our effort to bring maximum pressure to bear on North Korea until that time comes when they finally and permanently and irreversibly abandon their nuclear and ballistic missile ambitions." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence and President Moon [Jae-In] of the Republic of Korea Before Bilateral Meeting. February 8, 2018
  • "Well, let me say we haven’t requested a meeting with North Korea.  But if I have any contact with them, in any context, over the next two days, my message will be the same as it was here today: North Korea needs to, once and for all, abandon its nuclear and ballistic missile ambitions.  And the pressure will continue on them, economically and diplomatically, until that’s accomplished. We’ll also make it very clear that the United States of America and our allies are fully prepared to defend ourselves and defend our freedom and our people.  So we’ll see if any kind of a meeting comes about in any context. But I can assure you my message will be the very same as what I said here at Yokota Air Base, the very same as what I said in Tokyo yesterday, and that is: The time has come for North Korea to abandon its nuclear and ballistic missile ambitions, set aside this long pattern of deception and provocation, and then, and only then, can we begin to move forward to a peaceable outcome on the Peninsula." [Source] Remarks by Vice President Pence in Press Gaggle Before Air Force Two Departure. February 8, 2018
  • "We’re completing what we believe has been a very successful visit to our (inaudible) here in Japan.  (Inaudible) very productive and substantive discussions with Prime Minister Abe, with the leadership of Japan’s Self-Defense Forces. [...] We’re very much looking forward to the Opening Ceremonies [for the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea] tomorrow night.  But lastly, as I did here today, we’ll continue to seize every opportunity to ensure that North Korea does not use the powerful imagery and backdrop of the Olympics to paper over an appalling record of human rights and a pattern of developing weapons and conducting in the kind of missile launches that are threatening our nation and threatening neighbors across the region." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence in Press Gaggle Before Air Force Two Departure. February 8, 2018
  • "Sixty-eight years ago this June, North Korea sent its soldiers to advance against the free people of South Korea.  But because of the American Armed Forces, they failed in their war of conquest.  And today, America stands strong with the proud and free people of South Korea, and we always will. [...] And while the regime’s leaders in Pyongyang have prospered, the average North Korean toils in poverty and want.  In the 1990s alone, more than a million North Koreans perished from starvation and deprivation.  And to this day, 70 percent of the entire nation — some 18 million people — need food aid to survive day to day.  Most tragically, nearly 3 out of every 10 North Korean children under the age of 5 have been physically stunted by malnourishment.  And they will bear that mark of deprivation for the rest of their lives. The truth is, though, North Korea’s tyrants have never been content to merely subjugate their own people.  As you know well here at Yokota, they still harbor the dream of conquering their neighbors to the south.  And in recent years, North Korea has threatened Japan, the United States, and our allies across this region. [...] The American people, the people of Japan, and freedom-loving people across the wider world long for the day when peace and prosperity replace Pyongyang’s belligerence and brutality.  Together with our allies and partners, we will continue to strive to peacefully dismantle North Korea’s nuclear program and alleviate the suffering of its people." [Source] Remarks by Vice President Pence to Troops at Yokota Air Base. February 8, 2018
  • "Together with Japan and our allies, let the world know this: We will continue to intensify our maximum pressure campaign until North Korea takes concrete steps toward complete, verifiable, and irreversible denuclearization. To that end, I’m announcing today that the United States of America will soon unveil the toughest and most aggressive round of economic sanctions on North Korea ever. And we will continue to isolate North Korea until it abandons its nuclear and ballistic missile program once and for all." [Source] Remarks by Vice President Pence and Prime Minister Abe of Japan in Joint Statements. February 7, 2018
  • "Mr. Prime Minister, thank you for your leadership and your actions to strengthen Japan’s role in our alliance. As we discussed today, the United States is committed to provide Japan with additional cutting-edge defense systems, and our nations are now working together to deliver these new defense systems as quickly as possible. The people of Japan can be assured: The full range of the Armed Forces of the United States will continue to be dedicated to the protection of Japan. And working together, the United States and Japan will continue to confront the most dangerous threat in the Indo-Pacific: the rogue regime in North Korea. [...] In the past, the United States, Japan, and freedom-loving nations across the globe responded to Pyongyang’s actions with failed diplomacy, the result of which has been a cycle of broken promises, willful deception, and escalating provocations. But the era of strategic patience is over. [...] The United States of America and Japan have long stood together in defense of our most precious values and our way of life. And we will continue to stand together, as allies and as friends. And as the bond between our nations grows even stronger, I know it will benefit our two peoples and it will benefit the world." [SourceRemarks by Vice President Pence and Prime Minister Abe of Japan in Joint Statements. February 7, 2018
  • "Lastly, I’m traveling to the Olympics with my wife and with our delegation certainly to cheer on American athletes, but also, quite frankly, we’re traveling to the Olympics to make sure that North Korea doesn’t use the powerful symbolism and the backdrop of the Winter Olympics to paper over the truth about their regime.  A regime that oppresses its own people.  A regime that threatens nations around the world.  A regime that continues its headlong rush to develop nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles and use those to threaten its neighbors and even threaten the United States of America. We’ll be telling the truth about North Korea at every stop. We’ll be ensuring that whatever cooperation that’s existing between North and South Korea today on Olympic teams does not cloud the reality of a regime that must continue to be isolated by the world community, and it must be brought to a place where it ends its provocations, it ends its development and possession of nuclear weapons and ballistic missile weapons. [...] But my message — whatever the setting, whoever is present — will be the same.  And that is that North Korea must once and for all abandon its nuclear weapons program and ballistic missile ambitions.  And it must accede to the wishes not only of nations across the region and the United States, but nations across the world, to really abandon those ambitions and enter the family of nations. North Korea can have a better future than the militaristic path and the path of provocation and confrontation that it’s on. Better for its own people, better for the region, and better for peace." [Source] Press Gaggle by Vice President Pence. February 6, 2018
  • "In the face of ongoing threats and provocations by the regime in North Korea, I can assure you, the resolve of the United States is firm.  We will continue to marshal economic and diplomatic pressure to demand that North Korea abandon its nuclear and ballistic missile programs.  But as President Trump has made clear, all options are on the table." [Source] Remarks by the Vice President to Troops and Family Members at Nellis Air Force Base. January 11, 2017
  • "When we arrived there at the Demilitarized Zone, the security team told us that we could stop inside and look out the windows.  And I said, that’s not what I came here to do.  I walked outside.  I wanted to look those North Korean soldiers in the eye, and I wanted to project the resolute determination of President Trump and the United States of America to stand by our ally in South Korea, and to continue to stand for a nuclear-free Korean Peninsula.  And I hope we helped convey some of that message, Dana.  But I’ll tell you what, the progress that we’re making is, to your point, a direct result of the clear and strong and unambiguous leadership that President Trump has been providing, and we’re going to continue to provide until North Korea finally and lastly accepts the universal opinion of the civilized world that they must abandon their nuclear and ballistic missile programs and stop threatening the world." [Source] Interview of the Vice President by Dana Loesch. January 8, 2017
  • "[T]he President sent me over to the Asia-Pacific earlier last year, and we announced then what we’ve reinforced over and over that this era of strategic patience where successive administrations in both political parties have essentially allowed North Korea to run out the clock to continue to gain concessions while they develop their headlong pursuit for nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles, the President sent me over to tell them that’s over. And President Trump has been marshaling unprecedented economic and diplomatic pressure on North Korea.  And to have North Korea literally be willing, as they’ll do later today, to sit down with South Korea — just on the topic of Olympics — I think is a direct result of the pressure that President Trump has been able to marshal on North Korea. And we’re not going to relent until North Korea abandons its nuclear and ballistic missile programs. And all the progress that we’re making in the region, I believe, is a reflection of the strong and resolute leadership the President has been providing and marshaling among our allies and even marshaling from President Xi Jinping in China." [SourceInterview of the Vice President by Dana Loesch. January 8, 2017
  • "China is doing more than ever before.  China needs to do more, but they’re doing more than ever before to isolate North Korea economically and diplomatically. And I truly do believe that making it clear that all options are on the table; that, as the President has done, making it clear the United States of America has the capacity to defend our people far beyond anything North Korea could imagine; but also making it clear that if North Korea will abandon their nuclear and ballistic missile ambitions, if they will dismantle those programs, there’s an opportunity for a peaceable solution." [Source] Interview of Vice President Mike Pence by Greta Van Susteren, Voice of America. January 3, 2018
  •  "President Trump has provided the kind of clear leadership on the world stage that’s made measurable progress, particularly with regard to North Korea.  In the message the President sent — in the wake of Kim Jong-un’s New Year’s message, where, while on the one hand he talked about wanting to reach out to his neighbors to the south, it’s the same moment he spoke of having missiles that could reach the United States and having a button on his desk — President Trump made it clear:  America will not be bullied, America will not be threatened, and that the United States of America has, by being clear, managed to marshal an unprecedented amount of economic and diplomatic pressure on North Korea. And after decades of North Korea stalling and ignoring the world community and continuing to develop nuclear and ballistic missiles, we’re now literally beginning to see some movement among nations in the region." [Source] Interview of Vice President Mike Pence by Greta Van Susteren, Voice of America. January 3, 2018

For a historical list of statements and policies in 2017, click here.

South China Sea 

 

For a historical list of statements and policies in 2017, click here.

Southeast Asia/ASEAN

 

For a historical list of statements and policies in 2017, click here.

Summits - APEC, East Asia (EAS), & US-ASEAN

 

For a historical list of statements and policies in 2017, click here.

Trade & Investment

 

 For a historical list of statements and policies in 2017, click here.

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Methodology: Policy materials and quotations from Vice President Mike Pence are limited to after November 9, 2016 when he was formally elected as the 48th Vice President of the United States. Should any quotations before the period be deemed relevant they will be indicated by an asterisk (*) after the date. In all cases, these additional quotations were made within the year prior to the start of the Trump Administration. Flag icons that indicate which countries members of the Trump administration have traveled to are provided by Freepik, accessed through www.flaticon.com.

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